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I've created sets of free printable math flash cards that you can download below and print out. These cards are free for personal or classroom use.
Using flash cards makes it much easier to memorize basic math facts including multiplication and division.
Flash cards allow you to quickly review a large number of facts to test your knowledge.
I made these printable math flash cards PDF files. You have my permission to print, copy, and distribute the flash cards to anyone.
You can email the PDF files to anyone, or put them on your blog, website, etc. without restriction.
To view and print a PDF file, you need the free Adobe PDF Reader (downloadable from Adobe.com) or other PDF reader software installed on your computer. Many computers already have this.
Below are links for downloading the free printable math flash cards. Click a link to view the PDF file and print the cards. Instructions for assembling the cards appear below the list.
Each flash card set is available in vertical or horizontal format. The vertical flash cards are more traditional, but the horizontal cards require less paper to print.
The vertical flash card sets are fold-and-glue only. See below for instructions on how to fold and glue printable flash cards.
If you don't want to fold and glue, print the horizontal flash card sets instead.
In addition to fold-and-glue, the horizontal sets are available in "no answers" format (one-sided only) as well as duplex (prints on both sides). No folding or gluing needed for either of these.
Duplex printing allows you to print on both sides of the paper, with or without answers. However, two-sided printing requires a duplex-enabled printer or a special printing technique (see below for how to do the technique).
IMPORTANT: Be sure to check your printer's orientation before printing. Vertical flash cards need Landscape orientation. Horizontal cards need Portrait orientation.
Printers vary, so it's a good idea to print a "test page" before printing a full flash card set. Also consider printing on thicker card stock paper so your flash cards last longer.
If the flash cards are cut off when you print them, see below for PDF print margin troubleshooting. (Basically, try changing the scale setting in your PDF Print window to "Fit" or "Fit to page".)
These printable math flash cards include all addition facts from 0 through 20. They are divided into sets 0-12, 13-17, and 18-20. Some sets include a few cards defining basic addition termology. There is also one set of commutative property 0-12 addition facts.
Vertical addition fold-and-glue flash cards:
Vertical Addition 0-12. Addition facts 0 to 12. This set is 23 pages long.
Vertical Addition 13-17. Addition facts 13 to 17. This set is 21 pages long.
Vertical Addition 18-20. Addition facts 18-20. This set is 16 pages long.
Commutative Property Addition 0-12.
This special set of vertical printable math flash cards has commutative expressions for each addition fact between 0 and 12. For example, 4+7 and 7+4 are on the same card. This set is 43 pages in length.
Commutative property flash cards may be especially helpful for children who have trouble understanding that the order of the addends does not change the sum. Many thanks to first grade teacher Debbie C. who suggested I make this card set.
Horizontal addition fold-and-glue flash cards:
Horizontal Addition 0-12. Addition facts 0 to 12. This set is 16 pages long.
Horizontal Addition 13-17. Addition facts 13 to 17. This set is 14 pages long.
Horizontal Addition 18-20. Addition 18 to 20. This set is 11 pages long.
Following are the "duplex" versions (2-sided printing) of the addition flash card sets. Duplex is available for the horizontal sets only. No folding or gluing needed.
Horizontal Addition 0 to 12 . (Duplex Print) Addition 0 to 12. This set is 8 pages long when printed.
Horizontal Addition 13-17 . (Duplex Print) Addition 13 to 17. This set is 7 pages long when printed.
Horizontal Addition 18-20 . (Duplex Print) Addition 18 to 20. This set is 6 pages long when printed.
A visitor named Katrina requested flash card sets that don't include answers. Following are the addition sets with the answers removed. No folding or gluing or duplex printing needed. Thanks for the suggestion, Katrina!
Horizontal Addition 0-12 . (No Answers) Addition 0 to 12. This set is 8 pages long.
Horizontal Addition 13-17 . (No Answers) Addition 13 to 17. This set is 7 pages long.
Horizontal Addition 18-20 . (No Answers) Addition 18 to 20. This set is 6 pages long.
Following are "duplex, no answers" addition flash card sets. Print on both sides of the paper, no folding or gluing needed.
Horizontal Addition 0-12 . (Duplex Print, No Answers) Addition 0 to 12. This set is 4 pages long when printed.
Horizontal Addition 13-17 . (Duplex Print, No Answers) Addition 13 to 17. This set is 4 pages long when printed.
Horizontal Addition 18-20 . (Duplex Print, No Answers) Addition 18 to 20. This set is 3 pages long when printed.
These printable math flash cards include all subtraction facts from 0 through 20. They are divided into sets of 0-12, 13-17, and 18-20. Some sets include a few cards with definitions of basic subtraction terminology.
Vertical subtraction fold-and-glue flash cards:
Vertical Subtraction 0-12. Subtraction 0 to 12. This set is 23 pages long.
Vertical Subtraction 13-17. Subtraction 13 to 17. This set is 21 pages long.
Vertical Subtraction 18-20. Subtraction 18 to 20. This set is 16 pages.
Horizontal subtraction fold-and-glue flash cards:
Horizontal Subtraction 0-12. Subtraction 0 to 12. This set is 16 pages.
Horizontal Subtraction 13-17. Subtraction 13 to 17. This set is 14 pages.
Horizontal Subtraction 18-20. Subtraction 18 to 20. This set is 11 pages long.
Following are the "duplex" versions (2-sided printing) of the subtraction flash card sets. Duplex is available for the horizontal sets only. No folding or gluing needed.
Horizontal Subtraction 0-12 . (Duplex Print) Subtraction 0 to 12. This set is 8 pages long when printed.
Horizontal Subtraction 13-17 . (Duplex Print) Subtraction 13 to 17. This set is 7 pages long when printed.
Horizontal Subtraction 18-20 . (Duplex Print) Subtraction 18 to 20. This set is 6 pages long when printed.
Following are the substraction sets with the answers removed. No folding or gluing or duplex printing needed.
Horizontal Subtraction 0-12 . (No Answers) Subtraction 0 to 12. This set is 8 pages long.
Horizontal Subtraction 13-17 . (No Answers) Subtraction 13 to 17. This set is 7 pages long.
Horizontal Subtraction 18-20 . (No Answers) Subtraction 18 to 20. This set is 6 pages long.
Following are "duplex, no answers" subtraction flash card sets. Print on both sides of the paper, no folding or gluing needed.
Horizontal Subtraction 0-12 . (Duplex Print, No Answers) Subtraction 0 to 12. This set is 4 pages long when printed.
Horizontal Subtraction 13-17 . (Duplex Print, No Answers) Subtraction 13 to 17. This set is 4 pages long when printed.
Horizontal Subtraction 18-20 . (Duplex Print, No Answers) Subtraction 18 to 20. This set is 3 pages long when printed.
These printable math flash cards include all multiplication facts 0 through 12. Some sets include a few cards that define basic multiplication terminology. These are the fold and glue type cards.
Vertical multiplication fold-and-glue flash cards:
Vertical Multiplication 0-12 (Full). This set is 43 pages in length. It has all 12 math facts for each number 1 through 12. For example, there is a 4x2 card and a 2x4 card.
These cards are listed in first-factor order. This means you can enter page ranges to print subsets. For example, if you only want the "times 9" cards, enter "30-33" in the Pages section of the print dialog.
This Full version is best if you want a complete set 1-12 for every number. To save paper and ink, use the Condensed version below.
Vertical Multiplication 0-12 (Condensed). This set is 23 pages in length. It has one expression per pair of multiplication facts. For example, there is a 4x2 card but not a 2x4 card. Print this version to save paper, ink, and cut/paste time.
The following "Commutative property" flash cards may be especially helpful for children who have trouble understanding that the order of the factors does not change the product. Many thanks to Kyla, 3rd grade teacher at Wiggins Elementary in Wiggins, Colorado, who suggested I include some multiplication flash cards sets that are in commutative property format.
Commutative Multiplication 0-12.
This special set of vertical printable math flash cards has commutative expressions for each multiplication fact. For example, 4x7 and 7x4 are on the same card. This is a complete set of all multiplication facts 0-12 and is 43 pages in length.
Commutative Multiplication 13-15.
This is a set of all 13 to 15 multiplication facts in commutative format and is 12 pages in length. For example, 14x9 and 9x14 are on the same card. This set was suggested by a visitor named Maggie, whose children attend a homeschool co-op called Classical Conversations that teaches the multiplication tables to 15. Thanks, Maggie!
Horizontal multiplication fold-and-glue flash cards:
Horizontal Multiplication 0-12. This set is 16 pages in length. Condensed format.
Following is the "duplex" version (2-sided printing) of the multiplication flash card set. Duplex is available for the horizontal sets only. No folding or gluing needed.
Horizontal Multiplication 0-12 . (Duplex Print) Multiplication 0 to 12. This set is 8 pages long when printed.
Following is the multiplication flash card set with the answers removed. No folding or gluing or duplex printing needed.
Horizontal Multiplication 0-12 . (No Answers) Multiplication 0 to 12. This set is 8 pages long.
Following is the "duplex, no answers" multiplication flash card set. Print on both sides of the paper, no folding or gluing needed.
Horizontal Multiplication 0-12 . (Duplex Print, No Answers) Multiplication 0 to 12. This set is 4 pages long when printed.
These free printable math flash cards include division facts from 0 through 12. The horizontal set includes a few cards that define basic division terminology.
Vertical division fold-and-glue flash cards:
Vertical Division 0-12. This set is 37 pages in length.
Horizontal division fold-and-glue flash cards:
Horizontal Division 0-12. This set is 25 pages in length.
Following is the "duplex" version (2-sided printing) of the division flash card set. Duplex is available for the horizontal sets only. No folding or gluing needed.
Horizontal Division 0-12 . (Duplex Print) Division 0 to 12. This set is 13 pages long when printed.
Following is the division flash card set with the answers removed. No folding or gluing or duplex printing needed.
Horizontal Division 0-12 . (No Answers) Division 0 to 12. This set is 13 pages long.
Following is the "duplex, no answers" division flash card set. Print on both sides of the paper, no folding or gluing needed.
Horizontal Division 0-12 . (Duplex Print, No Answers) Division 0 to 12. This set is 7 pages long when printed.
To print the flash card pages, select File → Print in the flash card document. This opens a "Print" window where you can set print options such as number of copies.
If you wish, you can save the printable math flash cards PDF file to your computer by selecting File → Save a Copy.
Each page of the PDF has several flash cards with their front/back sides connected. To create the cards, cut each front/back unit as one rectangle, then fold along the middle. Attach the backs together using either tape or glue.
I prefer a glue stick as it is fast and not messy. But clear tape or regular liquid glue works too.
Duplex Printing. Some of the printable math flash cards sets are configured for duplex printing. Look for "Duplex Print" on the first card in the set.
These "duplex" printable math flash cards are set up for printing on both sides of the paper. No folding or gluing is needed when you print duplex.
If you don't have a duplex printer, you can accomplish the same result by printing the duplex pages one at a time on your regular printer and flipping them over.
That is, print the first page then re-insert the paper printed side down (upside down) into the printer; then print the second page on the back of the first page.
Flipping the pages one-by-one like this during printing is a slow process but saves lots of paper and allows you to skip the folding and gluing step.
Are the flash cards cut off on the right-hand side or bottom when you print them? Often there is an easy fix for this: change "Actual Size" to "Fit" in the print window before printing.
Sometimes all you have to do to fix a margin-printing issue is change the Page Size setting from Actual Size to Fit. See the screen image above, which shows this in the print window of the free Adobe Acrobat Reader PDF print application.
Depending on the PDF software you are using, this option might have a different name in the Print window. For example, it might be called Scale: Fit to Page or something similiar.
Also, remember the Horizontal math flash cards need Portrait orientation, while the Vertical math flash cards need Landscape orientation, as I mentioned above.
Catching printer setting issues before you print out a bunch of copies is a great reason to always print a few test pages before printing a full batch. That's true for any type of document, not just math flash cards.
BONUS Printing Tip: Some of these flash card sets are quite long. There's no law saying you have to print the entire set. Consider using the optional Pages "page range" section in the PDF print window to print out selected cards only.
In other words, select a reasonable number of cards from the set as examples, whatever would fill the needs of your students, and just print those out. You can save a lot of paper that way.
Consider Printing on Card Stock. Your free printable math flash cards will last a lot longer if you print them out on thick, substantial card stock paper rather than standard printer paper (also called "copy paper", "multipurpose paper", or "typing paper") which, of course, is fairly thin.
Need Custom Math Flash Cards? If you need a custom set of free printable math flash cards other than those above, send a message to me through my Contact Me page. I may be able to make it for you, at no charge of course.
I've received lots of positive feedback about these free printable math flash cards. One of the nicest sets of comments - and most insightful - was from Margaret S. Lee, an associate professor from Florida:
I teach developmental math at Florida Gateway College in Lake City, FL. In addition, I work with math students at 4 different area high schools.
I see alot of kids who are struggling with 6-12 grade math simply because they never learned their math facts back in the elementary grades.
Your math facts flash cards are absolutely the best available on the Internet, free or otherwise. I've looked at probably 200 different sites. Yours is the only one that provides both vertical and horizontal formats (so important for developing algebra awareness) and is among the few sites where the cards actually print correctly.
Note the vital point she makes: Early mastery of basic math facts is essential for later progress in math. It is well worth the effort to print these out and use them - adult learners for themselves, and parents for their children.
If you want to make your own flash card sets for any topic, consider using the free flash card maker generously provided by kitzkitz.com. That's the tool I used to generate the horizontal printable math flash cards above. (I created the vertical cards in a Word document manually.)
It is my pleasure to provide these math facts cards to you as a free resource.
Here are some additional free resources that are useful for practicing math facts:
Printable Multiplication Chart. This chart shows all the multiplication facts 0-12 on a single page. Various print sizes are available.
Brain Racer game. This is an online math game. Win races by answering math facts as quickly as you can. You can set the level of difficulty and choose Multiplication, Addition & Subtraction, or Division facts to solve.
Math Mountain game. Race your computer opponent to the top of a mountain by solving a mixture of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division math problems as fast as you can. This game is challenging.
Multiplication Speed Test. This is a free online timed multiplication exam. You have 3 minutes to answer 50 multiplication questions selected at random from the 12x12 multiplication table. And yes, 3 minutes is enough time.
Printable math flash cards are an effective tool for memorizing the basic addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division math facts. Have your child (or yourself, if you are the student) review the deck of cards every day for 5 or 10 minutes. Spaced repetition and review has been shown to greatly increase retention and recall.
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